The article I am preparing on coping with PTSD in WWI will be quite emotional. These are body armors built by Ferruccio Farina also known as Brewster Body Armor shields.
They were employed in trenches, actually, from one trench to the other, in order to cut the barbed wire inbetween.
The fact is that in Italy when they used them for the very first time, soldiers, they didn’t really tested them. And there is this story about a volounteering troop who went out from the trenches, and Austrian were just waiting for them to come out, with submachine guns.
They were also adopted by American troops in unhappily welt-famous Verdun, on the French western front.
The atrocity of this war, apart from the mass of dead people, was the dishumanity from talking with your enemy in one moment, exchanging chocolate and cigarettes, and shooting to each other a few hours later.
Today I was having my lunch next horses, in the pony farm near where I work, horses were riding and you would say they were enjoying it and having fun, despite they are not wild and free. I thought to all those soldiers, who couldn’t change their mind, and simply go back to their homes, and If I can put into words, I wish that if there is any karmic reincarnation, that those souls fallen in WWI, could pass by a spirit life as riding horses. Wouldn’t that be great divine justice?
“COWARD” is a 28 minute film set during World War 1 that brings to light some of the brutal treatment soldiers received for suffering what would now be known as shell-shock. It follows two cousins, Andrew and James, from their home in Northern Ireland who join the British Army to fight for their Country and make their families proud. Through their eyes we see the reality of life on the front lines.
Well, I was watching these cutie girls having fun and changing their eye color; I have been always tempted to put some in the bright colors I would have loved to have naturally mine.
But then I have something that keeps me from doing it. Eye color to me is like my Personality. Sure, I like to play with make up, but still very natural, and the less is more concept really suits me.
What do you think? Would you put another eye color for everyday life or just one shot?
This video reassured me alittle. The fact is that I am a single lady and of course, I wonder if I could do something to attract that special one but if this happened because of a fake plastic eye color it would really disappoint me.
I am not the kind of wow girl, despite aries like to get the attention even though they are shy like me. Yes, I like to strike sometimes. But, in normal life, nope, I stick into my very own and personal kind of brown and that’s all for now.
The girl I was watching on the video is black, she is wearing fake hair, fake nails and fake colored eye contact lenses. Quite enough for me to say “You are not loving your Self enough”.
The blanket that you can see in this picture is my crocheting during november 2015. Yes, in that weekend of blank and fear, and loss (I lost my colleague on 14th for a stroke), my first thought was put off all telephones, facebook, medias and concentrate on crocheting colourful wool.
The final result is not what I expected or hoped for, and I admit that the blanket is not properly squared like it should in the pattern.
Never mind! Crocheting is what I go back to when I need a rest from outworlds occupations and worries.
Well, I finally included a slide of these people – 13th november Paris attack’s Survivors – in my Project’s Page. It took me a while to include pictures of real facts. As you can notice, I carefully avoid to put blood and pulp stuff about the events I am refering to for respect to victims and survivors.
Yes, respect. Since I am neither a journalist nor a cannibal.
Btw my personal tatoo is Justice symbol and it’s obviously the logo of this website.
Yes, my activation on the Web comes in total synchro with french awareness on the PTSD topic. Deeply from my heart, I congratulate this lady to be proactive in creating this Center for help of any attack victims on french soil since 2015. Medical staff will be trained specifically. They will know how to avoid certain trigger words.
“That’s so Cool! “
Sorry, I couldn’t find the english related article. If I find some, I won’t miss to share it. In the mean time, know that the fight against terrorism starts NOW. Of course, we can’t stop wars I am fine with that. There is only one Gandhi, alright?
But we can unite, and support each other with all the ressources that we have at disposal. So, we will.
Un attentat après l’autre, la France s’est constitué, malgré elle, « une mémoire du terrorisme ». « De cette expérience dramatique, nous avons acquis une recherche extraordinaire, qu’il est temps de mettre à profit », fait savoir Elisabeth Pelsez, la déléguée interministérielle à l’aide aux victimes, qui annonce au Monde la création à l’automne 2018 d’un centre national de ressources et de résilience.
Cette structure, pensée par Françoise Rudetzki, la fondatrice de SOS Attentats, sera chargée de recenser et de diffuser les travaux de recherche portant notamment sur la prise en charge du stress post-traumatique. Les autres missions de ce centre seront de concevoir des formations pour toutes les personnes amenées à recevoir des victimes souffrant de stress post-traumatique. Mais aussi de « labelliser » un certain nombre de méthodes permettant de répondre à cette souffrance.
Après avoir navigué à vue face aux attaques qui ont porté à un niveau inégalé le nombre de victimes du terrorisme depuis 2015, la France structure son aide, en mettant notamment en application des mesures préconisées par le secrétariat d’Etat chargé de l’aide aux victimes de Juliette Méadel. Le gouvernement élargit également « aux victimes de catastrophes naturelles, d’accidents collectifs, de sinistres sériels et d’autres infractions pénales » les dispositifs mis en place à la suite des attentats, rapporte la déléguée interministérielle, rattachée au ministre de la justice. En ce sens, le premier ministre, Edouard Philippe, a signé le 10 novembre le plan annuel du comité interministériel visant à faciliter le parcours de soins des victimes, notamment d’attentats.
Un plan que la magistrate, qui fut conseillère des ministres de la justice Pascal Clément et Rachida Dati, pourra incarner, vendredi 22 décembre, lors d’une rencontre avec des familles de victimes de la collision entre un car scolaire et un train régional à Millas (Pyrénées-Orientales), qui a tué six enfants. L’occasion également d’appuyer la mise en place de comités locaux d’aide aux victimes, lancés en 2016 sous le nom de « comités locaux de suivi des victimes » en réaction aux attentats du 13 novembre 2015, et qui sont désormais « généralisés à toutes les victimes », avec la possibilité pour les départements de définir eux-mêmes leurs priorités — c’est déjà le cas à Paris, où l’accent a été mis sur les violences faites aux femmes et sur les abus de faiblesse à l’encontre de personnes âgées.
Cette instance, qui réunit le préfet, le procureur de la République et tous les partenaires institutionnels qui prennent en charge des victimes, comme Pôle emploi, les associations d’aide aux victimes et les assureurs de l’Etat, vise à « simplifier le parcours des victimes, notamment dans leurs démarches administratives ». Pour Life for Paris, qui a été consultée pour ce plan à l’instar de nombreuses autres associations de victimes, cette mesure répond « à la difficulté de s’y retrouver entre les différents dispositifs qui existent », notamment concernant les parcours d’indemnisation.
Sur ce point, Mme Pelsez défend la création d’une juridiction spécialisée dans l’indemnisation des victimes, qui permettrait entre autres « d’instaurer une jurisprudence plus compréhensible ». Une mission a d’ores et déjà été confiée à une ancienne présidente de cour d’appel pour établir le périmètre de cette juridiction, dont l’objectif est surtout de « gagner énormément de temps dans le processus d’indemnisation ».
Les juges instructeurs chargés d’une enquête pénale ne seraient donc plus contraints d’examiner les demandes d’expertise médicale des parties civiles. Cette tâche serait confiée à une juridiction spécialisée dans la réparation du préjudice corporel. « Le fonds de garantie des victimes des actes de terrorisme restera chargé de verser les indemnisations et devrait travailler en lien continu avec la juridiction », dit Mme Pelsez, qui rappelle que cette idée a été suggérée par le président du tribunal de grande instance de Paris.
La déléguée interministérielle souhaite enfin « développer une politique européenne de prise en charge des victimes », en renforçant, dans un premier temps, la coopération entre les pays de l’Union européenne, « aujourd’hui les gens voyagent ; les risques d’attentat sont partout ». Avant l’organisation d’assises européennes d’aide aux victimes, Mme Pelsez abordera ce thème lors d’une réunion devant la Commission européenne, le 29 janvier.
Autant de mesures qui s’inscrivent « dans la lignée de celles prises par [s]es prédécesseurs » et que la déléguée interministérielle a souhaité « renforcer »,« car deux ans après les attentats de nouvelles problématiques émergent, comme le besoin de reconversion ». Une question souvent soulevée par les associations, telle Life for Paris, qui salue « une prise en compte des difficultés des victimes », avant de s’interroger sur « les moyens qui seront véritablement mis en place ». Mme Pelsez assure que le ministère de la justice alloue un budget de 27,7 millions d’euros pour l’aide aux victimes et que certaines mesures seront financées par plusieurs ministères.
The terrorist attacks that occurred in Paris on November 13 shattered the complacency of the French lifestyle. A few weeks later, a savage attack erupted in San Bernardino, California, further exposing the vulnerability of Western societies.
Dealing with terrorism and, in particular, with the frightening emergence of the ruthless Islamic State organization, also known as ISIS, will preoccupy the attention of world leaders for some time.
But there is a larger lesson to be gained from this and other recent crises. Put very simply: our complex global society lacks resilience.
What do I mean by that? Everything from our vulnerability to power failures to our overreaction of vilifying people who merely “look like” the perpetrators of violent acts, an overreaction demonstrated by Donald Trump’s recent call to close our borders to Muslims.
The good news is that we can improve our resilience. First let’s examine our society’s vulnerabilities.
Terrorism is just one of many global threats that we face.
Are we adequately prepared for the next catastrophe, even though we cannot predict what it will be?
Warning: turbulence ahead
The root cause of our vulnerability is the structure of the global economy: highly interconnected, complex and filled with turbulence.
Major disasters can occur unexpectedly, and even minor incidents can cascade into significant human and financial losses. Emerging pressures such as climate change and urbanization will only intensify the potential for extreme events and severe disruptions. When a catastrophe occurs, we rush to aid the victims, but the memory quickly fades and we return to business as usual, dealing with more immediate financial or political pressures.
Could we do a better job at anticipating and responding to unforeseen events?
Although businesses, communities and government agencies have developed elaborate “risk management” systems to detect vulnerabilities, this approach has an inherent weakness. It cannot protect against unidentified risks.
In an increasingly complex and volatile global economy, it is virtually impossible to predict and analyze all possible disruptions. Rather than resisting the inevitable waves of change, we need to embrace change and learn to ride the waves.
Learning to embrace change
In my book Resilient by Design, I argue that to embrace change requires going beyond the traditional approach of minimizing unwanted disruptions and recovering normal operations as quickly as possible. We must treat each surprise event as a learning experience, and adapt accordingly.
Risk management makes sense in a stable environment with predictable events, but in today’s more complex risk landscape – the new normal – it is inadequate for dealing with fast-moving, unfamiliar threats that may cascade into disasters.
The US government and many private companies have begun to study the resilience of our economic systems, urban communities and the infrastructures that support them.
A particular concern is adaptation to the emerging effects of climate change, including extreme weather and rising sea levels. Rather than responding to crises after the fact, we are beginning to design dynamic systems that are better prepared to anticipate crises and more capable of coping in the aftermath. For example, package delivery companies such as UPS use real-time monitoring systems to quickly reroute deliveries in the event of a transportation disruption.
Resilience – the capacity to survive, adapt and flourish in the face of disruptive change – is a basic characteristic of all living systems, from individual creatures to entire ecosystems. Most people are psychologically resilient in the face of setbacks, ranging from diseases to divorces or job layoffs.
Human communities are remarkably resilient, and many cities have been completely rebuilt after catastrophic events. In contrast, engineered systems such as machines, buildings and industrial supply chains are generally more “brittle” and prone to failure or collapse.
Designing for resilience
Brittleness is not inevitable. It is a fundamental design flaw.
Mechanistic systems based on logical rules cannot cope with events that the designers failed to anticipate. We have much to learn from the natural world, where resilience is seen everywhere from cells to organisms to entire ecosystems.
Today, innovative companies are learning to behave more like living systems, sensing, responding and adapting to change. They view resilience as a source of competitive advantage and are supplementing traditional risk management methods with adaptive processes and technologies.
For example, IBM has worked with the city of Rotterdam to deploy advanced cyber-based methods for flood detection and control, enabling the city to cope with the increasing intensity of flooding events. And researchers at The Ohio State University have developed a supply chain resilience assessment tool that helps to spot a company’s areas of vulnerability and identify corresponding capabilities that need to be strengthened.
Resilience capabilities are quite diverse, ranging from physical design of operations to information technologies to training of employees.
One basic approach to resilience is reducing the concentration and complexity of a system: for example, by building smaller-scale, distributed facilities instead of a single centralized facility. Global giants like Dow Chemical are exploring a range of supply chain resilience strategies, from increased flexibility of transportation modes to early warning systems that sense and respond quickly to surprise events.
And next-generation nuclear plants will have safety features that eliminate the chance of a meltdown. We hope.
Leveraging the human factor
The above research has shown that human intelligence and creativity are among the most powerful tools available to build resilience against unforeseen threats and enable both companies and communities to flourish.
Clearly the most challenging threat that we face today is the rise of violent extremism. Terrorist organizations, with their decentralized structure and covert operations, are inherently more resilient than the traditional armed forces deployed by nation-states.
Despite huge investments by the US and its allies in counterintelligence, we are still ineffective in “asymmetric” warfare. Overwhelming force may achieve temporary victories, but cunning and subterfuge eventually prevail.
To defeat terrorism, we may need to leverage the human factor – and its inherent resilience – by taking advantage of citizen involvement, social media and other nontraditional tools.
For example, the surveillance work of intelligence agencies can be complemented by conscious public efforts to promote inclusiveness, avoid alienation of minorities and reach out to potential dissidents. This type of adaptation seems more promising than trying to shut our borders to entire classes of immigrants.
In this age of turbulence, resilience has become a prerequisite for continued prosperity. Simply going back to business as usual – as we’ve too often done – is not the best strategy. Rather than bouncing back, we need to bounce forward.
On Friday, November 13 2015, a series of terror attacks erupted in Paris. They were mercilessly launched on people gathered at various social outlets and events in order to maximise the carnage. A football match was the first target in this co-ordinated killing spree. This was followed by shootings at restaurants and cafes and finally a metal concert in the Bataclan Theatre. Hostages were taken there also. A total of 130 lost their lives and over 4,000 were injured, almost 100 seriously. These were the most serious attacks on the city since WWII. Isis claimed responsibility.
It is no surprise that the impact of these attacks on the psyche of those involved, both directly as victims and less directly as observers, has been studied in depth by psychiatrists and psychologists, as have attacks in other locations. The London bombing and 9/11 attacks in New York have both generated large volumes of research information. In the April issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry, a paper exploring the impact of the Paris attacks, headed by Dr Stephanie Vandentorren, of the French Public Health Agency, has been published.
Two groups were studied. First responders were fire officers, rescue workers and so on exposed during the first 12 hours after the events. The second group were witnesses – those who were themselves under threat of being killed, held hostage or injured or had seen somebody in that position, or heard of a close relative in that predicament. These could be either directly exposed or have witnessed them from their homes. Seeing these events only on the media did not constitute exposure. Various face-to-face structured interviews were administered and over 400 people were interviewed.
Among rescue workers, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was diagnosed in 3pc and an anxiety disorder in 14pc. Among civilian witnesses, more than 15pc were significantly distressed, 25pc had possible PTSD, while 18pc were diagnosed definitively with it, and 10pc had depression. As expected, those indirectly threatened had lower levels than close relatives of victims, and the highest rates of mental health problems was in those directly threatened.
Almost half of civilians had more than six months treatment for a mental health problem, compared with a third of first responders. However, most had returned to work six months after the attack. These results show that first responders had lower rates of mental health problems than civilians and they required less professional help.
This study shows that people witnessing traumatic events are more vulnerable to mental health problems than are first responders. It may be that the training those in rescue and first response teams receive helps them withstand the distress of their direct involvement. It is also likely that if they had concerns about mental health difficulties developing after the attacks, they pro-actively sought help as a preventative measure and needed it for a shorter period.
During their training, they will have been made aware of the help that it available should they ever require it. Civilians on the other hand may feel less entitlement to such help and may defer seeking it until their distress is much more incapacitating.
The positive finding, that all but 6pc returned to work, shows the power of healing. Similar results were described following the 9/11 bombings and the London attacks. Either time or therapy seems to have benefited those who were suffering in the aftermath. This surely proves the resilience that human beings are endowed with, enabling them to deal with major traumas and to emerge from the quagmire of distress that engulfed them.
Resilience is determined by several factors. The personality of each individual is probably the single most important element, while the presence of support from family, friends and the community is next. Having a person to talk to is undoubtedly beneficial. The scientific literature on resilience has been developing in recent years and it also describes the value of positive coping, religious coping, having a sense of purpose in life, and altruism.
It is comforting to know we are not long-term victims of the events that befall us. Rather, we are strong and can emerge from the suffering of terrible events with more compassion and a better understanding of life.